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Ragù Bolognese

Ragù Bolognese

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  • 6 ounces pancetta (Italian bacon), cut into 1/8-inch cubes
  • 1 carrot, peeled, finely chopped
  • 1 celery stalk, finely chopped
  • 1/4 teaspoon crushed red pepper flakes
  • 1 cup low-salt chicken broth
  • 2 tablespoons heavy cream (optional)
  • 1 pound pasta (such as fettuccine or pappardelle), cooked al dente

Recipe Preparation

  • Press Warm; set timer for 30 minutes (add or subtract time as needed) and press Start to heat the pressure cooker. Heat oil in pot. Add pancetta and cook, stirring, until golden brown, about 5 minutes. Add onion, carrot, and celery and cook, stirring often, for 5 minutes. Add garlic and cook, stirring often, for 1 minute. Add tomato paste and red pepper flakes and cook, stirring often, for 2 minutes. Add beef, pork, and veal. Cook, breaking into small pieces with the back of a wooden spoon and stirring occasionally, until lightly browned, about 10 minutes. Add wine and cook for 2 minutes; add milk and broth. Lock lid in place, making sure vent is sealed. Press Warm; set timer for 15 minutes and press Start again to cook.

  • Release pressure manually by opening vent. Remove lid; add cream, if using. Press Warm; set timer for 10 minutes and press Start again. Continue cooking, uncovered, until thickened, 5–10 minutes. Press Cancel to stop cooking. Season to taste with salt.

  • Add pasta to ragù and toss to coat. Divide among pasta bowls to serve.

Recipe by The Bon Appétit Test Kitchen,Photos by Kimberley HasselbrinkReviews Section

Ragu' alla bolognese

His majesty the Bolognese sauce: the typical condiment of the classic lasagna. One of the most representative sauces of good Italian cuisine. A real comfort food since you leave it cooking in the pan and someone approaches to steal some with a piece of bread. If you too are among the gourmets who prepare Bolognese sauce for Sunday on Saturday, whether it is tagliatelle or egg lasagna, you cannot miss all the steps of our recipe. There is only one Bolognese sauce: the one deposited by the Italian Academy of Cuisine at the Chamber of Commerce in 1982 and from which everyone draws to create their own perfect recipe. Every family has one and the Giallozafferano family is no exception! Discover our recipe and tell us about your variations or your tricks for Bolognese sauce!

Original Recipe: Ragù alla bolognese

11 oz ground beef, 2 oz carrot, 1 oz onion, 5 oz pancetta, 4 oz tomato sauce, 2 oz celery, White wine, Beef stock, Milk, Olive oil, Salt and pepper

Chop pancetta (or bacon if you can't find pancetta). Peel and finely chop celery, carrot and onion. Cook pancetta in a saucepan with 3 tablespoons of oil then add the vegetables and let them wither gently. Add the meat and brown for five more minutes. Blend the meat with half a glass of white wine and let it evaporate completely. Add the tomato purée and stir for two minutes. Cover the meat with broth and half a glass of milk. Cook for about two to two-and-a-half hours – soaking the mixture occasionally with more broth and season with salt and pepper.

Our tips for the perfect ragù alla bolognese!

The soffritto
Vegetables should be withered over a low heat so they maintain their original colors and nutrients.

Meat selection
The base of the meat sauce is beef! The traditional cut? Flank steak located near the diaphragm.

Some replace it (in part or fully) with prosciutto crudo.

You can use tomato paste, a pre-made sauce, purée or even peeled tomatoes!

White wine
Add as you brown the meat. It helps drain excess fat from the meat.

Added after the tomato, this helps balance out the acidity.

For this recipe, add fresh cream at the end of cooking if you like for some extra richness. It is forbidden to thicken the sauce with extra flour, however: the ragù must condense and shrink on its own!

Tomato Paste
If you use tomato paste instead of tomato sauce, dilute 20-30g paste with a ladle of broth and then add it to the meat sauce. Cook without lid to evaporate.

For the meat sauce, an earthenware pan would be ideal, which slowly and steadily conducts the heat. However, a thick-bottomed steel saucepan is suitable.

How to preserve ragù
Once cooked, the meat ragù can be stored for 5-6 days sealed in the refrigerator. It can also be prepared in large quantities and then frozen in ready-to-use portions that can last up to three months.

Ragù Alla Bolognese | Authentic Bolognese Sauce Recipe

If you asked someone from Bologna about this dish, they would simply call it "ragù." But, since other regions in Italy have their own ragù variations, this classic sauce has taken on the distinction of "Ragù alla Bolognese." This rich dish is perfect for a chilly day when the only thing better than hovering over a simmering saucepan is eating a hearty meat pasta at the end!

For this recipe, you will need:

- 11 oz. (300g) ground pork (pancetta is preferred but optional)

- 1 3/4 cup (400g) pure tomato purèe

- 1/2 cup (about 40g) diced carrots

- 1/2 cup (about 40g) diced celery

- 1/2 cup (about 40g) diced onion

- Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese for grating

Watch the Pasta Grammar video where we make this recipe here:

Bring 3-4 tbsp of olive oil to medium/high temperature in a saucepan. Add celery, carrots and onion. Sautèe for about 3 minutes, or until the vegetables are soft and tender.

Add the ground pork and brown, stirring and breaking up the meat constantly. When the pork is finely crumbled, add the ground beef and brown in the same manner. Salt and pepper to taste.

Add 1 cup of white wine and allow to simmer, partially covered, for 10-15 minutes (or until the smell of alcohol is gone).

Now it's time to add our tomatoes! We prefer a tomato passata (purèe), but be sure that what you use is 100% tomatoes, nothing added. Stir in tomato purèe and paste and bring to a simmer. Salt again to taste.

At this point the ragù should resemble a thick chili. While thickness is great when it comes to Bolognese, the sauce needs to simmer for 2 - 2 1/2 hours, so you'll need to add some water to keep the reduction going. We recommend keeping a kettle of water warm on the stove so that you can avoid adding cold water into the sauce. Add a generous splash of warm water to thin the sauce and stir.

Partially cover and allow the sauce to gently simmer for about 2 hours. Stir occasionally, and add some more warm water whenever it thickens into a chili-like texture as mentioned above. Towards the end of the cook time, stop adding water so the ragù can thicken up for serving.

Ragù is best served with a fresh egg pasta (please no spaghetti, trust us!) and we recommend making your own! It's simpler than you might think and well worth the effort. Plus, it's the perfect activity to occupy you while you anxiously await your simmering ragù. Check out our tagliatelle recipe here.

Classic Ragù alla Bolognese

Recipe adapted from "Chez Panisse Café Cookbook," by Alice Waters

Yield: 5 cups

Prep Time: 1 hour and 15 minutes

Cook Time: 2 hours

Total Time: 3 hours and 15 minutes


⅓ cup dried porcini mushrooms

4 ounces pancetta, finely diced (about ¾ cup)

1 medium yellow onion, finely diced (about 1 cup)

1 medium carrot, peeled, finely diced (about ½ cup)

1 rib celery, finely diced (about ½ cup)

1½ pounds skirt steak, patted dry and cut into ¼-inch cubes

4 ounces lean pork shoulder, ground

3 tablespoons double-concentrated Italian tomato paste

2 cups beef or chicken stock, divided

¼ pound (about 3 small) Parmesan rinds

Freshly grated Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese, for serving


1. Place the porcini in a bowl and cover with ½ cup of boiling water. Allow to sit for 15 minutes to rehydrate. Remove the porcini, reserving the water and finely chop. Set both the chopped mushrooms and the liquid aside.

2. In a large, heavy-bottomed pot over medium heat, add 2 tablespoons of the olive oil. Add the pancetta and cook, stirring until the fat begins to render out, 3 to 4 minutes. Add the vegetables and season with salt. Cook, stirring often, until the vegetables begin to soften, 6 to 8 minutes. Add the mushrooms and continue to cook until all of the vegetables are very soft and all the liquid has evaporated, 10 to 12 minutes. Transfer the mixture to a bowl and set aside.

3. Return the pot to the stove over medium-high heat and heat the remaining 2 tablespoons of olive oil. Working in 2 batches, brown the skirt steak, 4 to 5 minutes for each batch. Remove the beef using a slotted and transfer to a plate. Add the ground pork to the pot, and using a wooden spoon, break the pork into small clumps. Season it with salt and brown, 2 to 3 minutes.

4. Place the sage, bay leaves and thyme in the center of a triple layer of cheesecloth. Gather up the edges and tie using kitchen twine to form a bouquet garni.

5. Reduce the heat to medium and return the browned beef and reserved vegetable mixture to the pot with the bouquet garni and cook, stirring often, until most of the liquid has evaporated, 4 to 5 minutes. Deglaze the pan by adding the wine. Scrape the brown bits on the bottom of the pan using a wooden spoon. Reduce until all the liquid has evaporated and the contents have taken on a rich chestnut color, 10 to 12 minutes. Add the tomato paste and cook for 3 to 4 minutes.

6. Add 1½ cups of the stock and ½ cup of the milk and reduce by half, 12 to 15 minutes. Add the Parmesan rinds, nutmeg and remaining stock and milk, skimming any fat that rises to the surface, and continue cooking until the flavors have come together and the sauce has become very thick, 35 to 45 minutes. Season with salt and allow to cool. Remove and discard the bouquet garni. Make ahead: The sauce can be made up to 3 days ahead. Cover and chill. Toss with tagliatelle or the pasta of your choice and top with fresh-grated Parmigiano-Reggiano before serving.

Note: Freezing the skirt steak for 15 minutes before cutting makes it easier to handle.

**This article was originally published on 02/04/15 by Tasting Table editors. The restaurant, chef and/or recipe are in no way affiliated with or endorsing the featured sponsor.


I made this the other day, following the recipe exactly, except I went even lower and slower with the heat, keeping it on the back burner for the better part of an afternoon. Excellent. Next time I will double it or triple it and save the leftovers.

This was not only super easy to make, but turned out delicious. Savory and comforting, I made it with pappardelle and it was just perfect. As with any ragu, it all depends on time. Slow simmering, letting it sit. My only adjustment was to reduce the amount of milk needed. I found 1/2 a cup to be enough. Otherwise, followed it exactly.

This was fantastic! I followed the recipe exactly, just increasing the amount, keeping the same proportions of everything. Should have increased it even more, everyone loved it. My family is Italian and usually, I can rely on a family recipe for most Italian dishes. But we are from the Campania region and while we have many excellent recipes, Bolognese is not something we had at home. I checked out Marcella Hazan's recipe but it seems like it contains more tomatoes than what I've come to know as Bolognese. So I checked here - my go-to site for great recipes - and definitely wasn't disappointed. It was amazing!

I am clearly in the minority here. I increased the tomato paste, but the sauce I got was yellow from the carrots, runny from the stock, and nearly flavorless. Added lots of salt at the table to make it have some character. I think I will stick to Marcella Hazens recipe. Worst recipe since I started cooking from Gourmet in 1987.

As others note, full-proof & delish. I try to make a double batch to have some to freeze.

I think this recipe is as close as it gets to a foolproof, authentic Italian ragu bolognese. Because it is nearly impossible to find pancetta in Istanbul, I subsituted it with ground beef. I ended up using about 700 grams of ground meat in total which is apparently a lot more than the recipe suggests and it turned out perfect for us.

Heavenly! I live in New York and have an Italian grandmother and this might be the best bolognese I've ever had! I followed the directions to a T. For those of you complaining about the recipe who used "all ground beef", do us all a favor and go fork yourselves!

Great classic ragù. I do ground pork instead of veal, and 1 cup of white wine instead of 1/2 cup of red wine. Fantastic!

This recipie is amazing I didn’t change a thing as a lot of other ppl saying they have. Lots of ppl adding tomatoes or stewed tomatoes but that’s a traditional ragu a Bolognese is a variation of that one of the big differences being the lack of tomatoes in a Bolognese. Again great recipie very traditional and delicious thank you.

This is a wonderful start, but I add the following tweaks: Double recipe using double vegetables, adding 4 garlic cloves, 1 lb 85% ground beef, 1 lb ground veal, 6 oz pancetta. I use most of a 6oz can of tomato paste and a full 28oz can of crushed San Marzano tomatoes along with 1 c red wine, a bay leaf, 4 cups chicken broth and 1c whole milk. It receives rave reviews and has become a family staple.

This looks like a good dish to try. But I wonder at the logic of using Kosher salt in a dish with a meat sauce that includes pancetta (cured pork belly) and cheese.

I used 1/2 cup of heavy cream, but I think 1 cup of whole milk would be better. I added dried cremini mushrooms, fresh basil, dried parsley, and dried oregano. I think this dish tastes amazing, but I added the additional ingredients to suit my taste.

Excellent! Made it for the first time last night. Left out pancetta and used 1/4 c cream instead of milk (it's what I had on hand), and it was excellent. I was worried it wasn't going to be tomato-y enough, but it was great, with a nice thick, held-together texture. Tagliatelle was worth the splurge as well.

This recipe is excellent! Absolutely delicious!

Sounds very similar to what I already make, but I use cremini mushrooms, puréed tomatoes, garlic and minced chicken. No milk. I like idea of using the celery and carrots too, my husband likes the chunky vegetables.

It's really nice to see a recipe that calls for the required time. 1 1/2-2 hours (or more). Writers today seem to go for the "only got 15 minutes yes! you can caramelize onions." Some real cooking just takes time. Nice.

I had to leave out the beef, the carrots, the onion and celery for health reasons, but kept in the salt and milk. It tasted great, except i'm not sure it is a ragu anymore.

I have been making this recipe for over 2 years. I use heavy cream rather than whole milk- about 2/3 cup. One time I purchased meatloaf mix(beef, pork,veal) and used that. I don't add salt due to health issues. have made this for many dinner parties.

The only thing I did differently was use 16 oz of meat and it came out so liquidy! It's been 3 hours and its still simmering with no luck of reducing, I didn't drain the beef after it was browned could that possibly be the problem?

Excellent. Pound of ground turkey, 3 chicken sausages, 4 oz tomato paste, cup of red wine, 2 cups of chicken broth, 1 can of roasted tomatoes, plenty of thyme, oregano and basil. After browning meat and sausages, then veggies, simmer for 4 hours, add cup of cream, simmer for another hour, adjust seasoning and voila a great meal.

We loved this. Yes, I will be making it again, but I found it a little salty while my spouse thought it was perfect. I had to leave out the celery because of health reasons so that did affect the final product.

Iɽ been craving a traditional ragu, and this was it! I don't understand other complaints of it being bland, unless it wasn't salted enough (it's "to taste") or unless it didn't simmer down long enough. I used chicken stock, and substituted ground pork for the veal and it was completely savory and delicious with egg noodles. I also cut cooking time in half through more aggressive simmering -- I was hungry and it was getting late. But it worked and nothing suffered at all. Was considering adding it to my list of dishes for entertaining.

I love making this recipe. I've made it a few times and I make a couple changes. I add reconstituted dried porcini mushrooms and the soaking liquid, and a few cloves of garlic also when I added the onion. I also add some good quality dried Italian herbs, and today when I made it I had no dry red wine so I used Marsala wine. I also added a bit of crushed tomato so it would look more like "typical" tomato sauce so my eight year old would eat it. I also did not add the milk, as I felt that it would be too much liquid. Was fantastic. Oh and added a few bay leaves.

I agree with many others, it is very bland. It lot of work and time for not enough flavor. Almost sweeT.

Actually did not think this recipe was worth it. Was a bit too greasy for me. While it did taste better the second day, I would try a different recipe first before trying to perfect this one. The only change I made was used all ground beef vs. the mixture of veal / pork / beef.


  • 1 quart (1L) homemade or store-bought low-sodium chicken stock
  • 1 to 1 1/2 ounces powdered gelatin (4 to 6 packets 30 to 45g), such as Knox (see note)
  • 1 (28-ounce 800g) can peeled whole tomatoes, preferably San Marzano
  • 1/2 pound (225g) finely minced chicken livers
  • 1/4 cup (60ml) extra-virgin olive oil
  • 1 pound (450g) ground beef chuck (about 20% fat)
  • 1 pound (450g) ground pork shoulder (about 20% fat)
  • 1 pound (450g) ground lamb shoulder (about 20% fat)
  • Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper
  • 4 tablespoons (60g) unsalted butter
  • 1/2 pound (225g) finely diced pancetta
  • 1 large onion, finely minced (about 8 ounces 225g)
  • 2 carrots, finely chopped (about 8 ounces 225g)
  • 4 ribs celery, finely chopped (about 8 ounces 225g)
  • 4 medium cloves garlic, minced
  • 1/4 cup (about 25g) minced fresh sage leaves
  • 1/2 cup (about 50g) minced fresh parsley leaves, divided
  • 2 cups (475ml) dry white or red wine
  • 1 cup (235ml) whole milk
  • 2 bay leaves
  • 1 cup (235ml) heavy cream
  • 3 ounces (85g) finely grated Parmesan cheese
  • 2 tablespoons (30ml) Vietnamese or Thai fish sauce, such as Red Boat
  • To Serve:
  • Dried or fresh pasta, preferably pappardelle, tagliatelle, or penne

The best bolognese: real ragù (recipe)

A well-made ragù (aka bolognese sauce) is probably my favourite thing to eat in the world. Unfortunately, in my opinion, it&rsquos not something which is widely available outside the region of Emilia-Romagna. Luckily, it&rsquos one of my specialities. Over the years, through learning from my aunt and nonna, asking people what their nonna did, reading, doing a lot of eating, and experimenting, I&rsquove come up with a recipe and fool-proof technique that gives results just like those in Bologna.

La scarpetta

Recently, I cooked this dish for some friends (all Italian). It went down so well that they ended up doing la scarpetta (mopping up any remaining sauce with a piece of bread) even with the pan that I had cooked it in. This is one of the best compliments you can receive with your cooking. Someone asked me if I had ever shared the recipe online and I realized that I hadn&rsquot. So here goes. I am about to divulge my recipe and more importantly my techinique for making the perfect ragù. I&rsquove written the recipe below, but I will go through each stage giving hints and tips. Are you ready?


You start off this recipe by finding the heaviest saucepan you have. You are going to cook the ragù for a long time so a good iron saucepan will help it to cook slowly and not burn. Place the pan over medium heat, and when it&rsquos hot add chopped pancetta. Make sure that the pancetta is unsmoked (dolce). Cook it gently on its own&mdashdo not add any oil&mdashuntil it turns pastel pink. This will allow all the fat to come out of it which will form a very tasty coating to the next ingredient, the odori.


Odori is the Italian word for what in France is called mirepoix: a mix of carrot, onion, and celery, that act as the flavour base to a sauce. It&rsquos important to chop them as finely as possible, otherwise you are going to end up with large chunks of carrot in your sauce rather than having them amalgamated with the meat. One small onion, one medium carrot, and one stick of celery are enough.

Odori: carrots, onion, and celery. The basis of a ragù.

Butter not oil

Add a couple of tablespoons of olive oil to the pan but then a chunk of butter. Butter is used widely in traditional northern-Italian cooking and gives it a distinctive flavour not achieved with olive oil. The olive oil is added just to stop the butter burning. When the butter has melted, add the odori and cook gently until the onion takes on a translucent, pearly colour. Don&rsquot rush it. It will take about eight to ten minutes.

Where&rsquos the meat?

Turn up the heat and add minced beef. This should be of the best quality you can find and not lean (angus beef works very well). Add salt at the same time. The quantity of salt in the recipe may seem a lot but it&rsquos necessary for this amount of meat. I was once told by a french chef that for every kilo of meat you should add 18g of salt. This rule of thumb works well and means that you don&rsquot have to adjust the salt at the end of the cooking and that all the ingredients are evenly salted. Cook the meat with the odori, until it just begins to brown, being careful not to let the odori brown. Again, this will take about ten minutes.

Wine time

At this stage you add wine. People are divided as to whether this should be red or white. I add white since that&rsquos what my nonna did but red works well too. I usually do it by eye, but the other day, I measured the amount I was putting in and it came out at 126ml! So, I guess 125ml is the right amount. As you add the wine there will be a whooshing noise and steam will rise melodramatically from the pan. Well, this is Italian cuisine so there has to be a little showmanship. At this stage turn the heat down to medium again and add the tomatoes.


This may sound like sacrilege but it&rsquos OK to use tinned tomatoes. Ragù is more a winter dish than a summer one and even in Italy tomatoes are out of season in the winter. In the past, people made vast amounts of bottled passata in the autumn to last them through the winter, and it&rsquos this that they would have used for their ragù. I like to use high-quality tomato pulp. Don&rsquot be tempted to add sugar. Many people use sugar when cooking with tomatoes to cut the acidity. As we shall see later, the Bolognese people invented another way to deal with this. And it&rsquos one that makes this ragù one of the best.

Slow food

Once the tomatoes are added, the ragù is pretty much finished. Only that it isn&rsquot, since it now needs to cook. Slowly. And I mean slowly. From this point on the ragù needs to cook for about two hours. It&rsquos the only way to get the right flavour and consistency to the dish. In the past, I&rsquove had bolognese sauces cooked in about half an hour in which the meat is still hard.

After two hours, the meat will be soft and I mean melt-in-the-mouth soft, which is one of the best things about this dish, believe me. Turn the heat right down, cover the pot and leave it. Check it every thirty minutes or so to see that it&rsquos not burning and add a small amount of beef stock if it seems too dry. But remember ragù is a relatively dry sauce and the meat should not be swimming in liquid.

Controversy time

Now comes the controversial part. Poor Mary Berry, the British Bake-off Queen, was recently slated for adding a &lsquostrange&rsquo ingredient to her ragù. But what people critcizing her didn&rsquot realize was that she was adding a highly traditional ingredient: milk or cream. Fifteen minutes before the end of the cooking, you should add a small amount of whole milk to the pan, stir it through and let it continue cooking. This is to take the acidity off the tomatoes and to give the sauce the right consistency. This is traditional. If you don&rsquot believe me, take a look at the official recipe for ragù lodged at the Academy of Italian Food.

If you are going to serve the ragù with tagliatelle the milk is enough. However, if the ragù is destined to be eaten with dried pasta or made into a lasagna then you should add a small amount of single cream at the end too.

How to serve it

I&rsquom not going to get all preachy with you and say that ragù should not be served with spaghetti, but in Italy it never is. Traditionally, it&rsquos served with tagliatelle (preferably homemade) or baked into a lasagna, or even eaten with polenta. But never, I repeat never with spaghetti. However, it does work very well with other types of dried pasta such as conchiglie and rigatoni both of which have holes into which the ragù can enter. I serve mine with my own handmade tagliatelle which is the perfect marriage.

Buon appetito!

So, that&rsquos answered the question as to how I make my ragù. Follow the above steps using the quantities of ingredients below (very important to get the right consistency) and you can&rsquot go wrong. Once you&rsquove got to the stage where the tomatoes are added, you could, if you want, transfer the whole to a slow cooker. Because remember, you have to cook it slowly. Did I say that?

Classic Bolognese Sauce Recipe ( Ragu' alla Bolognese Recipe )

TRADITIONAL ITALIAN RECIPE: While the Bolognese Sauce Recipe has been a staple for millions of diners around the world for decades, Italians claimed the original reciope has become so corrupted it is in urgent need of culinary rescue.

The following recipe will help you making THE Authentic TRADITIONAL ITALIAN Bolognese Sauce Recipe.

There are minor but important changes between the more earthly 1891 traditional version and the one approved by Italian chefs in 1982 approved by the chamber of commerce in Bologna - the home of bolognese. In 1982 the team of "chosen" chefs decided that the classic recipe must contain: onions, celery, yellow carrots, pancetta, ground beef, tomatoes, milk and dry white wine. Strangely, the recipe also calls for broth and cream, which goes against the traditional 1891 recipe. The addition is so strange that in Italy virtually no-one uses cream, nor broth.

"With a solemn decree of the Italian Academy of Cuisine ( Accademia Italiana di Cucina ), the present recipe, containing Milk, was notarized and deposited in the Palazzo della Mercanzia, the Chamber of Commerce of the City of Bologna on the 17th of October 1982."

Along with Lasagne, spaghetti bolognese is the most abused Italian dish. There are some very strange versions out there. Personally, the worst I've ever eaten was in Bangkok made with Yoghurt. I wanted to vomit!

Bolognese Sauce has sort of become the generic name for a meat and tomato sauce outside Italy.

- Onion, celery, carrots: Now is the time to use your knife skills. Dice everything evenly in small dices. The size uniformity of these ingredients will allow them to cook evenly and will produce a more enjoyable texture. By the way, this combination of ingredients, cooked in olive oil and seasoned with salt and pepper, is called a soffritto and is the base of many Italian dishes.

- Tomatoes are not a main ingredient in the sauce – you add a bit of it for taste but it is a meat sauce, first and foremost.

- Meats: Use lean ground meat and pork. Pancetta is a 1982 addition. Not used in the 1891 traditional version.

- Milk: Yes, milk is the surprise ingredient responsible for producing a more orange than red sauce (it also makes the meat more tender). If you want to make the traditional 1891 version, do not use cream.

- Broth: This is required in the 1982 registered version, but it is not mentioned in the 1800 version.

- Seasoning: This recipe (perhaps surprisingly) does not contain any aromatic herbs or spices. The only hearb used in the 1891 version is bay laurel.

- Cheese: Use only freshly grated authentic parmigiano-reggiano. In the south many use Mozzarella. Obviously you can use whatever you like. Recipes are just guidelines.

Wine: originally, in 1891, the recipe was born using red wine, not white. Far richer and more savoury in flavour, it's far more what you would expect a bolognese to be. But, in 1982 the Academy decided to change it to white. Unknown the reason.

- Method: Finally, note that this sauce doesn’t like to be rushed. Some recipes with offer shortcuts but the only way to allow the flavors to develop fully and the sauce to become so rich is a very long simmering – and I mean, 2 to 4 hours long. The base of the recipe isn’t complicated or time-consuming to make and the rest is just passive time in the kitchen. You start a bit batch, stir in once in a while and enjoy for many meals to come.


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